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Though we know that the story is shot by the photographer, David Douglas Duncan, the editor in charge of drafting the accompanying text remains unknown. The traditional image of Afghanistan as an undeveloped buffer state between competing empires is reinforced, with the US now cast as the protector in place of the UK. By the end of the second paragraph, Af-Pak border relations are already mentioned as a regional (and international) point of contention.  “Now the job of seeing that Afghanistan remains a buffer state between the Soviet Union and southern Asia has largely fallen on the U.S.,” the essay begins. “The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Afghanistan during World War II and since then has invested some $50 million in its development. But from 1953 on, when a neutralist faction took over the Afghan government, Soviet influence has risen. [The Soviet Union] granted a $100 million loan and backed the Afghans in their border feud with Pakistan, an issue on which the U.S. has tried to be impartial but now tends to support Pakistan through SEATO.” (According to Wikipedia, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization [SEATO] was “primarily created to block further communist gains in Southeast Asia,” and is "generally considered a failure because internal conflict and dispute hindered general use of the SEATO military; however, SEATO-funded cultural and educational programs left long-standing effects in Southeast Asia. SEATO was dissolved on 30 June 1977 after many members lost interest and withdrew.")